Coffee Berry Borer Hypothenemus hampei Skip to main content

Translate

Coffee Berry Borer Hypothenemus hampei



Coffee Berry Borer Hypothenemus hampei


If you want to have a better world or you are coffee lover or if your life is connected with coffee business, then you need to read this article because you will know that coffee growers are struggling to provide the best coffee for you.  Enventhough you are not coffee lover, you can continue reading because you will know how expensive coffee is. Thank you for continuing reading.


Coffee as the second most important
Coffee and caffeinated beverage are consumed every day by around 400 million of world citizens.  Coffee is the second most important things in the world after fuel. No days and nights without coffee.  Coffee are responsible for economy of more than 20 million family (around 60 million people) in the world.  Alone in North Sumatra Province of Indonesia, coffee value chain is responsible for economy life of more than 800,000 people (= 160,000 Households).  Coffee export from North Sumatera contributed approximately US$ 195 million in year 2009, felt from US$ 208 million in year 2008. North Sumatera is one of the biggest arabica coffee exporter in Indonesia. North Sumatera produces also robusta coffee.
      
We all know that coffee prices has hit its historical price.  The price seems to climb up higher and higher.  The reason is that the supply is less than demand.  The suppy decreases, the demand increases.  The decreasing supply of coffee bean is caused by the decreasing production of coffee bean. 

Coffee supply being threatened      
One of the main factors that decreases coffee production is the infection of Coffee Berry Borer (CBB).  CBB is scientificly named as Hypothenemus hampei.  CBB or Broca get named Penggerek Buah Kopi (PBKo) in Indonesian.  CBB is the most destructive pest in the world. CBB is small beetle.  The adults is  small black beetles. Females  are 1.4–1.8 mm long. The males are smaller, 1.2–1.6 mm long. Female beetles can fly short distances; males have no wing.
       
How CBB can destruct coffee bean? The followings are the explanation how CBB destruct coffee bean.  CBB bores coffee fruits, lives then inside, and eats the coffee bean inside.  In the end, all coffee beans are eaten by CBB, and therefore no more beans available in the fruit. Infection of CBB on very young fruits causes rottening of fruits, and then fruits fall.  Because of CBB, coffee bean  will not be available any more inn short future to come.  CBB is the most destructive pest to coffee fruits worldwide. That's why CBB is a devil, a black devil.  You can get farther information in this site Photos How Coffee Berry Borer Hypothenemus hampei Destructs Coffee Bean.
      
The serious danger of CBB can be imagined by remembering CBB’s life cycle (from egg to adult), life expected (from egg to death) and number of female eggs. CBB life cycle is 24-45 days, depends on climate. Two days after entering the fruits, one female puts 35-50 eggs which consist of 33-46 female. Female CBB’s life is maximum 190 days, and male 40 days. After mating inside the fruits, some of female remain in the fruits, and others go out to infect other fruits. Generally speaking, one CBB female can have hundred of thousands descendant in one year. The impact of the CBB can be read in page Coffee is Now on the Way to Death

Very significant CBB Infection
How serious is the CBB infection? To answer that question, NSCF carried out a survey on CBB infection on November 2010 in 9 regencies (Kabupaten) in North Sumatra Province of Indonesia.  The regencies are Karo, Pakpak Bharat, Dairi, Simalungun, Samosir, Humbang Hasundutan (Lintong), Toba Samosir, Tapanuli Utara and Tapanuli Selatan.  All those 9 regencies are coffee centers of North Sumatera. 
Photo : Sabam Malau (center), Arman Ginting (left) and Eman (right) conducted CBB Survey on Nov 2010 in 9 Regencies (Kabupaten) of  North Sumatera Province of Indonesia. Photo taken in Humbang Hasundutan Regency (Lintong) ( Sabam Malau, 2010)

The survey results revealed that CBB infection on coffee fruits were high to very high. In North Sumatera, mode of fruits  infection was 31-35%, and infection can reach 91,6%. Generally speaking, coffee production can be dropped significantly by 31 to 92%. 


he survey results revealed that CBB infection was found in all 9 regencies of North Sumatra. Infected fruits, the lowest (5.9%) was found in Samosir Regency, the highest (91.6%) in Toba Samosir, the lowest average (16.5%) in Karo, the highest average (43.3%) in Toba Samosir, the lowest median (11.7%) in Karo, the highest median (43.6%) in Toba Samosir, the lowest mode (6-10%) in Karo, the highest mode (41-45%) in Toba Samosir.


Concerning infected fruits due to age of infected plants.  Average in North Sumatera, 24% of  fruits of plants with 2-3 years old were infected;  the lowest (9.9%) in Karo, and the highest (37%) in Pakpak Bharat.   By using statistical correlation analysis, it was found that  amount (%) of infected fruits had highly significant correlation with age of infected plants.  The higher age of plant, the more number of infected fruits.   

Efforts by NSCF      
NSCF - North Sumatera Coffee Forum  makes efforts to maintain coffee production as well as increase economic value of coffee in short years to come. NSCF creates, implements and shares Ecoscofas.   Ecoscofas is vale and goal (further explanation can be read in Ecoscofas Coffee).  NSCF participates in developing of coffee agriculture by implementing good agricultural practice, competitive, ecofarming, integrated farming system and sustainable. The activities can be in form of training, research, seminar, workshop, consultancy, advocacy, teaching, co-worker, facilitating, etc.
      
NSCF wants to decrease infection of CBB significantly in North Sumatera, Indonesia. NSCF will build coffee farmers capacity by using TPAR Cycle which is empirically the most effective method for continuous capacity building.  Participatory Coffee Appraisal (PCA) will be used in deciding what, how, when, where, who.  Please click "N57 Method to Eradicate Coffee Berry Borer".
      
So, don't give chance to CBB   !!!!!!!!!!      
So far as concerning finance, we do need donation and facilitation from Funders or Donaturs of NSCF.  We are very thankful.
Best regards,

Dr. Sabam Malau
Chairman of NSCF

Most popular posts

Biaya kuliah terjangkau dan dapat dicicil

Murahkah biaya perkuliahan di Nommensen? Murah. Bisakah dicicil? Bisa.  Di Nommensen, pembiayaan perkuliahan dijaga tetap murah tetapi mutu tetap dipelihara.  Untuk angkatan yang sama, biaya kuliah tidak pernah dinaikkan selama mereka kuliah di Nommensen.  Beasiswa atau pengurangan uang kuliah disediakan bagi mahasiswa yang memenuhi syarat.


Sertifikat Akreditasi:
Sertifikat Akreditasi Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan. Sertifikat Akreditasi Semua Program Studi (Prodi) UHN Medan.

Sertifikat ini dapat juga didownload dari website Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan https://web.uhn.ac.id/index.php/content/view/NzE4Nw--
Lowongan kerja lainnya, klik Loker nomor 1
Salam hormat.



Selain loker tersebut itu, Lowongan kerja lainnya adalah - Klik LOWONGAN KERJA halaman 1
Bacalah juga informasi penting ini (klik):
LOWONGAN KERJA TERDEKAT 

Terima kasih bahwa Anda berkenan membagikan (share) laman (website) ini.
Salam Pro Deo et Patria,

Dr. sc. agr. Ir. Sabam Malau
Rektor
Juni 2018
Lowongan kerja lainnya, klik Lo…

PMB UHN Medan 2019

Ingin punya cerita abadi? Rajutlah itu di kampus dari Era IR 4.0 ini.  ...................... Wanna have a never ending story? Shape it on this campus from the era of IR 4.0.
Ini berita baru dan baru berita tentang Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan.  Perlu dan berguna.  Sebarkanlah (share).  Banyak anak bangsa yang membutuhkannya. 





Ini berita baru dan baru berita tentang Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan.  Perlu dan berguna.  Sebarkanlah (share).  Banyak anak bangsa yang membutuhkannya.

Dr. Ir. Sabam Malau
Dosen Tetap
Prodi Agroekoteknologi
Fakultas Pertanian
Universitas HKBP Nommensen
Jalan Sutomo 4-A Medan
Minggu 27 Januari 2019

Coffee Buyers List and Their Testimomy (Daftar Pembeli dan Kesaksian)

Coffee Buyers List and Their Testimomy


(Daftar Pembeli dan Kesaksian)
The followings are the names of buyers of my coffee. 
Berikut ini adalah nama-nama pembeli kopi saya.
(A) BUYERS IN INDONESIA ARE: * Adityo Saputra (Bandung) * Adolf Kurniadi (Depok) * Agnes Tambunan (Jakarta) * CPdt Agus Siagian, STH * Agus Silaen, SH, MHum (Medan) * Akhmad Ikhsan Prafita Putra (Purwokerto Timur) * Prof. Dr. Albiner Siagian (Medan) * Andi Ferdian (Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara) * Andri Daniel Parapat (Bandung) * Andre Veriangga (Jogyakarta) * Dra. Anita Gizelle Lubis, MBA (Kelapa Puan, Jakarta) * Ir. Anna Sri Yusniar Sinaga, MM (Bandung) * Arief Pribadi (Surabaya) * Arifa Sura Sembiring (Bandung) * Dra. Arta Pasaribu (Jakarta) * Arthur Pasaribu, SH (Pemtangsiantar) * Arwiyoto Purwono (Surabaya) * Ir. Aston Sianipar (Medan) * Barita MP Hutabarat (Lemahabang, Cikarang) * Bayu Caesario (Bandung) * Bella (Semarang) * Pdt Beneth Sihombing STh, MTh (Medan) * Ir. Benika Naibaho, MS (Medan) * Betaria Ambarita (Pe…

UANG Kembali SEMUA, peroleh Sertifikat TOEFL.

Uang Kembali 100%, Anda peroleh Sertifikat TOEFL. Begini caranya.
Terhitung mulai tahun 2018 PELAKSANAAN KELAS BARU Kursus TOEFL & PERSIAPAN BEASISWA TAIWAN & LPDP di Universitas HKBP Nommensen (UHN) Medan .... DIBUKA SETIAP HARI ...!!!SEHINGGA Para Peserta menikmati SISTEM BELAJAR PRIVATE dengan TUTOR secara Face to Face dalam membahas soal-soal TOEFL secara TUNTAS.
DOWNLOAD Formulir di uhn.ac.id. 
Ayo segera daftar ...!!! Hanya Rp. 100.000 (Seratus Ribu), Berlaku Sistem Deposit Untuk Internal UHN dan HKBP (Uang Kembali 100%, Rp.100.000 bila tidak pernah absen), dan Non-Deposit Untuk Umum (Luar UHN dan Non-HKBP).




Mengapa Memilih Kursus TOEFL di UHN:
• Universitas Swasta di Sumatera Utara yang alumninya PALING BANYAK meraih Beasiswa LPDP.
• Tenaga Pengajar adalah Lulusan Dalam dan Luar Negeri yang berpengalaman dalam mengajar TOEFL
• Tenaga Pengajar dievalusi langsung oleh peserta kursus setiap 4x pertemuan. Bila grade pengajar tidak mencapai 80 maka tenaga pengajar langsung diganti …

28. Akreditasi Prodi Magister Manajemen, Nommensen, Medan

01. Akreditasi Prodi Akuntansi, Nommensen, Medan

Batdorf & Bronson Coffee Roasters and Goldenways Coffee Members of World Coffee Research

Batdorf  & Bronson Coffee Roasters and Goldenways Coffee Members of World Coffee Research

Batdorf  &  Bronson Coffee Roasters, Olympia, Washington and Goldenways Coffee, Indonesia, have joined World Coffee Research (WCR) as members.  They supported the WCR activities to make healthy and sustainable future of coffee growing in all coffee area including green mountain coffee area.  Let's contact and visit them. 

Recently, WCR also has signed Memoranda of Understandings with governmental institution of Peru, Mexico and India i.e INECOL Mexico Central Coffee Research Institute in India, and the Junta Nacional del Café and Ministerio de Agricultura y Riego de Perú.  The institutios will be supporting among others the IMLVT  (International Multi-Location Variety Trial).

World Coffee Research members and partners are and will not be only Coffee Researches but also  coffee shop, Coffee cafe, coffee house, coffee industries, coffee traders, coffee exporters, coffee manufactures, coffe…

Alumni FE Nommensen termasuk orang terkaya di Indonesia

Hebatkah alumninya? Hebat. Sangat hebat. Tentu mereka bisa sangat hebat karena mahasiswanya hebat, dosen-dosennya hebat, dan sistem pembelajarannya hebat. Alumni FE UHN berkiprah di seluruh sektor kehidupan. Banyak diantara mereka bekerja sebagai PNS, TNI, POLRI, anggota DPR/DPRD, Bupati/Wabup, Walikota, Dosen, dan Staf Perusahaan.  Malah sangat banyak alumninya menjadi pengusaha sukses.  Salah satu alumni FE UHN adalah salah satu orang terkaya di Indonesia yakni Pak Martua Sitorus. Beliau menyumbang Gedung Fakultas Kedokteran Nommensen senilai Rp. 12 Milyar.  Itulah Fakultas Ekonomi (FE) Universitas HKBP Nommensen atau FE UHN atau FE Nommensen Medan yang berdiri pada tahun 1954.  Bravo FE Nommensen.  Seluruh program studinya terakreditasi B.  Mari kuliah di FE UHN.

Terima kasih bahwa Anda berkenan membagikan (share) laman (website) ini.
Salam Pro Deo et Patria,

Dr. Agr. Sc. Ir. Sabam Malau
Rektor
Juni 2018

Bacalah juga (klik):
Scholarships and study abroad? Nommensen takes care of it for yo…

Testimoni Kartini Manalu tentang METTLE COFFEE

Bu Kartini Manalu SSn, MSn (Dosen Prodi Musik FBS UHN Medan) sangat menikmati Kopi Susu METTLE COFFEE ini di Kantin UHN Medan. Kami doakan dan kami yakin Bu Kartini akan dapat menyelesaikan pendidikan Doktor (S3) yang sedang ibu jalani sekarang di Pulau Jawa. Kami bangga atas progres studi ibu.  Terima kasih Bu.


DAFTAR PEMBELI. BELI ONLINE. Salam Coffee, salam C. Salam Mettle, salam M. Saya,
Dr. Ir. Sabam Malau  - Produser/Pemilik (Producer/owner) METTLE COFFEE - Pakar kopi (coffee expert) - Penguji cita rasa kopi berlisensi/bersertifikat (Licensed Q Grader 2011-14) - Dosen (lecturer) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas HKBP Nommensen (UHN) Medan - WA/HP: 08116506959. NB:
1. METTLE COFFEE adalah karyaku.   Saya meracik dan menyangrai METTLE COFFE dengan metode ilmiah moderen serta menguji cita rasanya dengan standar internasional.  2.  METTLE COFFEE merupakan kopi specialty yang terbuat dari 100% biji pilihan kopi Arabica dari dataran tinggi Sumatera Utara.
3. METTLE (bahasa Inggris, kata benda = …